Other Transaction Authority (OTA) is the authority of a US Agency to use Other Transactions (OTs). Once the agency has OTA, it can establish an Other Transaction Agreement (OTA)
The two terms are often incorrectly used synonymously.
1. The Other Transaction Authority (OTA) is granted to be able to use Other Transactions and is generally considered for use in RTD&E contracts.
2. The US Agency with OTA then can then appoint a Government Contracting Office as an Agreement Officer
3. The Agreement Officer then creates an Open Transaction Agreement (OTA) as the basis to conduct business
4. OTAs are awarded in several ways1):
The most important aspect of an OTA is the Other Transactions (OTs) provisions, which are a legally binding, streamlined acquisition process. Only Congressionally-designated Federal agencies can use to procure innovative technology (e.g., prototypes and other Research Development Test & Evaluation (RDT&E) projects) while avoiding burdensome processes normally associated with government contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements such as the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) and agency supplements, like the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS). This makes OTA efforts more similar to the commercial sector contracts in that they offer a flexible and less regulated approach to connect government with industry for innovative solutions. 2)
The use of OTs and OTAs are specially designed for government departments and agencies to use and manage Research Development Test & Evaluation (RDT&E) Funding.
Table 1 provides a list of Federal Agencies with Congressional OTAs.
|Agency Specific OT Requirements, Limitations, and Restrictions
|51 U.S.C. § 20113(e)
|No limitations or restrictions.
|Authorizes Research OTs and Prototype OTs. See DoD Other Transactions for detailed requirements, limitations, and restrictions.
|42 U.S.C. § 7256
|42 U.S.C. § 247-7e
|6 U.S.C. § 391
|Prototype projects require a non-traditional contractor and cost sharing agreement.
|49 U.S.C. § 5312
|Limited to RD&D focused on public transportation.
|49 U.S.C. § 106(l)
|No limitations or restrictions.
|49 U.S.C. § 114(m)
|No limitations or restrictions.
|6 U.S.C. § 596
|No limitations or restrictions.
|42 U.S.C. § 16538
|No limitations or restrictions.
|Limitations and restrictions differ based on specific research programs.
The Object Management Group's CBDC WG recommends the US Federal Reserve continues to pursue
P0030 but as two separate issues. It is essential the Federal Reserve pursues a CBDC (i.e.,
P0011) and makes recommendations based on using Data, Information, Knowledge, Understanding and Wisdom gathered during the RTD&E efforts (i.e.,
P0030). CBDC is a large problem with many moving parts, all of which require a lot of systems analysis, engineering, and simulation in order to ensure public confidence:
Pursuing a CBDC that is flawed could ultimately inflict more damage than it is worth.
After the Federal Reserve obtains OT Authority, the OMG's CBDC WG further recommends that an Other Transaction (OT) Consortium be established. An OT Consortium is a formal relationship between a government sponsor (i.e., Federal Reserve) and a collection of traditional and non-traditional vendors, non-profit organizations, and academia aligned to a technology domain area (i.e., cyber, space, undersea, propulsion) that are managed by a single entity, and focused on innovative solutions to government technology challenges that meet the intended scope and purpose of other transactions.
OT Consortium is based on the following OT Consortium Model:
Generally, an OT Consortium has three components:
The Consortium Manager is awarded an OT agreement by the government (base OT agreement) and manages OTs awarded to its consortium member organizations (project OT agreements) under the base agreement. In the OMG Distributed Immutable Data Object Reference Architecture (DIDO-RA), this highest level (i.e., OT Consortium) is referred to as the Ecosphere which would roughly follow the steps outlined in Steps for Establishing an Ecosphere. Also see DIDO-RA on Legal Documents for a discussion of how Ecosphere, Ecosystem, and Domain are related. The overall intent is the Ecosphere has the responsibility to external entities (i.e., sponsors). The OT Consortia (i.e., Ecosphere) can create any number of Ecosystems and Domains as is needed. It is recommended that the Ecosystems create and are responsible for Domains that fall under their auspices; however, the Policy and Procedures (P&P) may require the Ecosphere's approval for creation.
Table 2 summarizes the relationship between the Ecosphere, Ecosystem, and Domains. Some P&P may require every Ecosystem and Domain to have its own sub-charter which a narrower scope than the Ecosphere. See OMG DIDO-RA, 3.2 Legal Documents
There are many existing examples of Other Transaction Authorities (OTAs) that are already in existence within the US Government. Table 3 provides a detailed list originally painstakingly developed by Capture 2 Proposal 6). There is an excellent article by Stephen Speciale7)
|Advanced Manufacturing, Materials, and Processes (AMMP)
|Advance and enable additive manufacturing to create next-generation manufacturing breakthroughs
|American Metalcasting Consortium (AMC)
|An industry-led consortium developing new technologies and processes that support the DLA in the procurement of critical cast parts.
|Aviation and Missile Research, Development and Engineering Center (AMRDEC)
|US Army Contracting Command
|The development and maturation of guided-missile technologies, manufacturing, and enabling/disruptive technologies, and aviation technologies.
|Aviation and Missile Technology Consortium (AMTC)
|Develop and transition Army aviation and missile manufacturing technologies, and integrate advanced technologies, techniques and processes into future effective weapon systems.
|Border Security Technology Consortium (BSTC)
|Research, development, prototyping, and piloting initiatives to meet border security requirements and close capability gaps.
|Center for Naval Metalworking (CNM)
|To develop and deploy innovative metalworking and related manufacturing technologies to reduce the cost and time to build and repair key U.S. Navy ships and weapons platforms.
|Composites Manufacturing Technology Center (CMTC)
|An ONR Center of Excellence developing composites for advanced weapons systems.
|Consortium for Command, Control, and Communications in Cyberspace (C5)
|C5 is a consortium composed of leading companies and institutions in the C4ISR and cyber technology sectors.
|Consortium For Energy, Environment, And Demilitarization (CEED)
|CEED is a consortium composed of leading companies and institutions in the Energy, Environmental, and Demilitarization technology sectors.
|Consortium for Execution of Rendezvous and Servicing Operations (CONFERS)
|Research, develop, and publish non-binding, consensus-derived technical and operations standards for OOS and RPO. These standards would provide the foundation for a new commercial repertoire of robust space-based capabilities and a future in-space economy.
|Rock Island Arsenal
|A modern Industrial Base that integrates traditional and emerging sectors to respond at will to National Security Requirements.
|Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Consortium (CWMD)
|Developing technologies to detect, prevent, and protect against weapons of mass destruction.
|Cyber Apex Solutions Consortium
|Cyber Apex Solutions, LLC
|Applied cybersecurity research focused on filling the security gaps of critical infrastructure in the United States of America.
|Defense Automotive Technologies Consortium (DATC)
|Develop and transition advanced automotive technologies to all branches of military and government agencies.
|Department of Defense Ordnance Technology Consortium (DOTC)
|Integrate the DoD Ordnance community to work collaboratively in RDT&E of prototype solutions to the advance and transition ordnance systems, subsystems, and component technologies.
|Forging Defense Manufacturing Consortium (FDMC)
|Teaming the US forging industry with the DoD to address supply chain challenges and research needs.
|Information Warfare Research Project (IWRP)
|Developing and implementing advanced Information Warfare technology solutions.
|Medical-Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear (CBRN) Defense Consortium (MCDC)
|Supporting the DoD’s medical, pharmaceutical, and diagnostic requirements to enhance the effectiveness of military personnel.
|Medical Technology Enterprise Consortium (MTEC)
|Provide cutting-edge technologies to help protect, treat and optimize Warfighters’ health.
|Natick Soldier Research, Development, and Engineering Center (NSRDEC)
|US Army-Aberdeen Proving Ground
|Maximize the Warfighter’s Survivability, Sustainability, Mobility, Combat Effectiveness and Field Quality of Life by Treating the Warfighter as a System.
|National Advanced Mobility Consortium (NAMC)
|To provide the Government with ready, quality access to the broadest population of U.S. ground vehicle system (GVS), sub-system, and component technology developers and providers.
|National Armaments Consortium (NAC)
|The focal point for armaments system technology research and development across the DoD.
|National Center for Manufacturing Sciences (NCMS)
|A cross-industry technology development consortium, dedicated to improving the competitiveness and strength of the U.S. industrial base
|National Center for Simulation (NCS)
|Promote and support modeling, simulation, and training (MS&T). Registered as Training and Simulation Technology Consortium, Inc. (dba National Center for Simulation)
|National Shipbuilding Research Program (NSRP)
|A Navy-sponsored, industry-led collaboration of shipyards that is reducing the cost of building and repairing Navy ships.
|National Spectrum Consortium (NSC)
|Develop technologies that broaden access to and use of the electromagnetic spectrum.
|Naval Aviation Systems Consortium (NASC)
|Support the technology needs of the Naval Air Warfare Centers (NAWCs) and the Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR)
|Naval Shipbuilding and Advanced Manufacturing Center (NSAMC)
|Developing and deploying advanced manufacturing technologies to reduce the cost and time required to build and repair Navy ships.
|SAE Industry Technologies Consortia (SAE ITC®)
|Drive innovative solutions to key industry challenges.
|Sensors, Communications, and Electronics Consortium (SCEC)
|Conduct research, development, and testing in cooperation with the Government, leading to technology demonstrations and prototype projects in the sensors, communications, and electronics sciences and other related fields.
|Space Enterprise Consortium® (SpEC)
|Reducing risk and increasing constellation refresh rates to improve the availability of new technology on-orbit and to enhance system responsiveness and survivability.
|System of Systems Consortium (SOSSEC)
|Technology agnostic approaches that capture the best-of-breed solutions.
|Strategic & Spectrum Missions Advanced Resilient Trusted Systems ((S2MARTS ))
|The S2MARTS OTA (pronounced “SMARTS”) is designed to refine strategies, management planning activities, and implement integrated, complementary solutions that enable broader Department of Defense (DoD) access to commercial state-of-the-art EMS technologies, advanced microelectronics, radiation-hardened (RAD-HARD) and strategic missions hardware.
|Training and Readiness Accelerator (TReX)
|To expedite the development, demonstration, and delivery of cutting edge technology capabilities in support of modeling, simulation, and training (MST) needs of the U.S. Department of Defense.
|Undersea Technology Innovation Consortium (UTIC)
|Rapid development, prototyping, and commercialization of innovative undersea and maritime technology.
|Vertical Lift Consortium (VLC)
|Develop and transition innovative vertical lift technologies to meet Warfighter needs.
|AFLCMC Consortium Initiative (ACI)
|Prototyping projects might include any topic generally consistent with the research, development, test, and evaluation of within prototyping projects of the AFLCMC mission sets.
|Cyberspace Operations Broad Responsive Agreement (COBRA)
|Establish defense-in-depth across the entirety of cyberspace by simultaneously combining DCO capabilities at global, regional and local levels using a layered and adaptive approach.
|Defense Electronics Consortium (DEC)
|The DEC identifies challenges, needs, and opportunities in defense electronics, which has been impacted by the contraction of U.S. electronics manufacturing and other factors.
|Defense Innovation Unit (DIU)
|DIU is the only DoD organization focused exclusively on fielding and scaling commercial technology across the U.S. military at commercial speeds.
|Defense Technological Information Center Energy OTA (DTIC)
|Technical areas germane to this OTA include cyber, advanced materials, sensors, and biomedical challenges. The ceiling on this OTA has been reached and it is no longer accepting new projects. It does however continue to execute on several prototype projects/Ceiling reached. No longer accepting new projects. which are nearing successful completion.
|DHS Silicon Valley Innovation Program (SVIP)
|Incentivize product developers to open the aperture of their development roadmaps to include homeland security solutions. Opportunities posted on sam.gov.
|Engineer, Research, and Development Center (ERDC)
|Performs prototype projects within the following focus areas as they relate to Military Engineering.
|Expeditionary Warfare Consortium (EWC)
|Develop innovative products, prototypes, and solutions to meet the expeditionary warfare needs of the Naval Surface Warfare Center.
|Future Airborne Capability Environment (FACE™)
|The Open Group
|Define an open avionics environment for all military airborne platform types.
|An enterprise solution to the Federal Government. Rather than specializing in technology silos, members of this consortium have capabilities spanning nearly every technology vertical.
|Nano-Bio Manufacturing Consortium (NBMC)
|Raises the readiness levels of nano- and bio-technologies.
|National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA)
|Drive innovative and transformational change into the National System for Geospatial-Intelligence (NSG) and Allied System for Geospatial-Intelligence (ASG) environments.
|National Offshore Wind Research and Development Consortium
|Reduce the Levelized cost of energy (LCOE) of offshore wind in the U.S. while maximizing other economic and social benefits.
|National Security Technology Accelerator (NSTXL)
|Support of the Warfighter mission. Management firm-level access to all of their OTAs (S2MARTS, TReX, SpEC).
|Naval Surface Technology and Innovation Consortium (NSTIC)
|Supporting naval surface technology innovation across a broad range of technology areas and disciplines.
|Nuclear Science and Security Consortium (NSSC)
|Develop a new generation of laboratory-integrated nuclear experts.
|Open System Acquisition Initiative (OSAI)
|Produce prototypes in command, control, communications, and cyber, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C4ISR) that increase the efficiency of Government, industry and academia capabilities in information systems proposed to be acquired or developed by the Department of Defense (DOD), and to reduce the cost of defense information systems technology.
|Propulsion Directorate Consortium Initiative (PCI)
|Perform critical research, development, testing, and evaluation within prototyping projects addressing propulsion needs and the future of the propulsion enterprise.
|Sensor Open Systems Architecture (SOSA Consortium)
|The SOSA Consortium is creating open system reference architectures applicable to military and commercial sensor systems and a business model that balances stakeholder interests.
|Supply Chain Consortium Initiative (SCCI)
|Perform critical research, development, test, and evaluation within prototyping projects addressing 448th Supply Chain Management Wing (SCMW), to include other organizations in the Air Force Material Command (AFMC) or strategic partners, needs and the future of these enterprises.
|University Consortium for Applied Hypersonics (UCAH)
|Deliver the innovation and workforce needed to advance modern hypersonic flight systems in support of the national defense.