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Digital View

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Written By John H. Coleman, Ph.D. For comments, contact:

Concise Definition

A digital view is a visual presentation on an electronic display device of one or more processed digital artifacts, enabling the consumption of digital artifact content according to stakeholders’ unique activities at any phase or step in the system life cycle

The Concept

A visual presentation on an electronic display device for one or more processed digital artifacts; the digital artifact content addresses stakeholders’ unique activities at any phase or step in the system life cycle; and, it conforms to the conventions established by the digital viewpoint. The digital view composes or renders multiple digital artifacts on a digital display. The digital view relies on a wide variety of digital technologies and software applications for viewing. The most relevant are digital displays or monitors. Many digital artifacts are born digital and many rely on graphical software linked to databases, computational software, and graphical software. With the advantages of digital technology, the stakeholder can specify what type of content they need and how they would like it presented to them. With the advances in interactive multimedia and hypermedia, the stakeholder can take advantage of the digital technology capabilities to navigate complex information relationships and visualize the digital artifacts in new and intuitive ways.


The presentation of one or more digital artifacts on electronic displays in forms specific to the stakeholders needs; it addresses stakeholders’ unique activities at any phase or step in the system life cycle; and, it conforms to the conventions established by the digital viewpoint.


It can be the presentation of digital artifacts on electronic displays in the forms of…

  • dynamic data visualization,
  • dynamic textual content,
  • 2-dimenstional graphics,
  • 3-dimentional articulating graphics,
  • virtual reality, augmented reality,
  • animated simulations,
  • digital audio,
  • digital video,
  • panoramic digital images,
  • interactive multimedia,
  • hypermedia,
  • mobile applications,
  • or any combination.

Similar concepts and definitions:

Architecture View is a similar concept described by International Standard (ISO) 42010:2011 as follows:

  • [A] work product expressing the architecture of a system from the perspective of specific system concerns. An architecture view expresses the architecture of the system-of-interest in accordance with an architecture viewpoint (or simply, viewpoint). There are two aspects to a viewpoint: the concerns it frames for stakeholders and the conventions it establishes on views. An architecture view is composed of one or more architecture models [5]

BIM Deliverables is a similar concept described by National Building Information Modeling (BIM) Standard-United States (NBIMS-US™) as follows:

  • Information (a package of data or models in numerous formats) to be provided to another party in connection with a BIM related service over the facility's life-cycle [4].

Virtual Exhibitions are a similar digital concept described by Foo, S. et. al. as follows:

  • Original artifacts are digitally captured and rendered into 2D or 3D objects which are packaged together and linked by hyperlinks to allow non-linearity or multiple-linearity by users (exhibition visitors). Virtual exhibitions are viewed as dynamic entities as they often undergo ongoing change in terms of design, activity and content, including encouraging users to contribute towards its collective memory, thereby adding to its dynamism. [6]

Interactive multimedia is “any computer-delivered electronic system that allows the user to control, combine, and manipulate different types of media, such as text, sound, video, computer graphics, and animation. Interactive multimedia integrate computer, memory storage, digital (binary) data, telephone, television, and other information technologies [7].”

Multimedia, “in personal computing, software and applications that combine text, high-quality sound, two- and three-dimensional graphics, animation, photo images, and full-motion video [8].

Data Display: A “visual presentation of processed data by specially designed electronic or electromechanical devices through interconnection (either on- or off-line) with digital computers or component equipment's [9]”.

Data Visualization is “the process of displaying data/information in graphical charts, figures and bars; b. It is used as means to deliver visual reporting to users for the performance, operations or general statistics of an application, network, hardware or virtually any IT asset [10].”


[4] National Institute of Building Sciences, “Chapter 3: Terms and Definitions,” in National BIM Standard – United States® Version 3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Building Sciences buildingSMART alliance®, 2015, p. 16.

[5] ISO/IEC/IEEE, “42010 - 2011: Systems and software engineering – Architecture description,” International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011.

[6] S. Foo, T. Y. Leng, D. G. Hoe-Lian and N. J. Cheong, “From digital archives to virtual exhibitions,” in Handbook of Research on Digital Libraries: Design, Development and Impact, S. Foo, H. G. Dion and N. J. Cheong, Eds., Hershey, PA, IGI Global, 2009, pp. 88-101.

[7] G. Young, Encyclopaedia Britannica, 16 October 2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed 1 August 2018].

[8] “Multimedia,” The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia®., [Online]. Available: [Accessed 3 August 2018].

[9] “Data Display,” McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E., [Online]. Available: [Accessed 2013 August 2018].

[10] Techopedia, “Data Visualization,” Techopedia, 2018. [Online]. Available: [Accessed 3 August 2018].

mbse/digital_view.txt · Last modified: 2018/11/08 11:35 by jcoleman